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Comparison of PCR and microscopy for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in human fecal specimens: clinical trial

Morgan, U.M., Pallant, L., Dwyer, B.W., Forbes, D.A., Richomme, G. and Thompson, R.C.A. (1998) Comparison of PCR and microscopy for detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in human fecal specimens: clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 36 (4). pp. 995-998.

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    Abstract

    PCR technology offers alternatives to conventional diagnosis of Cryptosporidium for both clinical and environmental samples. We compared microscopic examination by a conventional acid-fast staining procedure with a recently developed PCR test that can not only detect Cryptosporidium but is also able to differentiate between what appear to be host-adapted genotypes of the parasite. Examinations were performed on 511 stool specimens referred for screening on the basis of diarrhea. PCR detected a total of 36 positives out of the 511 samples, while routine microscopy detected 29 positives. Additional positives detected by PCR were eventually confirmed to be positive by microscopy. A total of five samples that were positive by routine microscopy at Western Diagnostic Pathology but negative by PCR and by microscopy in our laboratory were treated as false positives. Microscopy therefore exhibited 83.7% sensitivity and 98.9% specificity compared to PCR. PCR was more sensitive and easier to interpret but required more hands-on time to perform and was more expensive than microscopy. PCR, however, was very adaptable to batch analysis, reducing the costs considerably. Bulk buying of reagents and modifications to the procedure would decrease the cost of the PCR test even more. An important advantage of the PCR test, its ability to directly differentiate between different Cryptosporidium genotypes, will assist in determining the source of cryptosporidial outbreaks. Sensitivity, specificity, ability to genotype, ease of use, and adaptability to batch testing make PCR a useful tool for future diagnosis and studies on the molecular epidemiology of Cryptosporidium infections.

    Publication Type: Journal Article
    Murdoch Affiliation: Western Australian State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre
    School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
    Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
    Copyright: © 1998 American Society for Microbiology
    Publishers Website: http://jcm.asm.org/content/36/4/995.full.pdf+html
    URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/10112
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